Diabetes is a serious medical condition, but there are treatments that can help you manage your condition. Getting diagnosed sooner rather than later can have a big impact on your outlook for the condition. That’s why it is important to understand the symptoms of diabetes.
Your body receives glucose from the food you eat, and it moves into your bloodstream. Your body uses insulin to move the glucose out of your blood and into your cells. It can then be used for energy to fuel your body. Diabetes occurs when there is a problem with your body’s insulin. Either your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or your body can’t use it effectively. This causes too much glucose to stay in your blood stream. This causes high blood sugar or hyperglycemia.
General Diabetes Symptoms
Urinating often is one common sign of diabetes. Feeling very thirsty or hungry are also symptoms. You may experience extreme fatigue or wounds that don’t heal as quickly as they should. Blurry vision is also a common symptom. There are three different types of diabetes, and they all affect your body differently. This means that they can cause some different symptoms.
Type One Diabetes
With Type One Diabetes, your body destroys the cells in your pancreas that make insulin. Over time your body can no longer make enough insulin which causes hyperglycemia. Type One only causes about 5% of diabetes cases.
Signs of Type One Diabetes include increased thirst and hunger. It also causes frequent urination and bedwetting. You may experience irritability or changes in your mood or personality. Unexplained weight loss is also a common symptom. You may also experience fatigue, weakness, and blurred vision. If you are a female, you may develop recurring yeast infections.
Type One Diabetes was once called Juvenile Diabetes, but it can occur at any stage of life. The common treatment for this condition is injections of insulin along with dietary changes and exercise.
Type Two Diabetes
Type Two Diabetes occurs when your body uses insulin inefficiently. Your body keeps producing more insulin to bring your glucose levels down, but over time the cells in your pancreas that produce the insulin become impaired. When this happens, your body can no longer produce enough insulin to regulate your blood sugar.
Type two diabetes usually develops over time. Symptoms may be mild at first and then get worse as your condition worsens. Increased thirst and hunger are common symptoms. You may find yourself being hungry right after eating. Frequent urination and dry mouth also occur. Unexplained weight gain or loss may also indicate Type Two Diabetes, especially if you are eating well and still losing weight. You may experience fatigue, headaches, and blurred vision. Your hands and feet may begin to tingle. This is because the diabetes causes damage to your nervous system. Wounds that are slow healing are a common sign. In more advanced cases, it can be very difficult to get even a small cut or bruise to heal properly. You may experience itchy skin. This is especially common around the groin or pelvic area. Yeast infections are also common in women with type two diabetes. You may also experience dark velvety patches on your skin. These are usually found around the neck, armpit, and groin areas. If you are a man, you may experience impotency from type two diabetes. In rare cases you may experience a loss of consciousness as a symptom of type two diabetes.
Gestational diabetes occurs in women in their last half of pregnancy. It is normal for women to become more insulin resistant at this time, but some women become too insulin resistant and develop this condition. Similar to other types of diabetes, it causes the blood glucose levels to be too high. However, many women don’t experience any symptoms, so it is diagnosed with a blood test. This is done about the 24th week of pregnancy.
Women that do notice symptoms may notice increased thirst and urination. The main danger of gestational diabetes is that it can cause the baby to grow to be too large. Other risks include an increase in the rate of cesarean births, and an increased possibility of jaundice in the child when it is born.