Asthma is the most unpredictable yet dangerous respiratory system reaction to the environment that can easily turn fatal. Despite the many hours and resources that have gone into researching on asthma, it’s still not clear why some people get asthma. What is known, however, is that asthmatic reactions are as a result of a complex blend of genetic and environmental factors.
A great cloud of uncertainty enshrouds hereditary asthma. The fact that one or both of your parents have asthma isn’t guarantee that you will have asthma. However, it could increase your chances of having the condition or notable allergic reactions. Scientists and researchers are, however, yet to draw a solid genetics relationship between parents and their offspring leaving genetic asthma that known but unproven condition that we all have to content with.
The most common, and well understood causes of asthma are:
Allergens in the air
Allergens are any harmless foreign substances that trigger a severe immunoresponse when they enter your body. Inhaling these substances (allergens) will result into asthmatic symptoms hence the first and most popular type of asthma, allergic asthma. The best solution to this kind asthma is by avoiding your triggers as much as possible.
Exercise and anything that makes you breath harder
Another common cause of asthma is hard exercise or exerting physical activities that raise up your heartbeat and rate of breathing. This could lead to exercise-induced bronchoconstriction asthma. Also known as exercise-induced asthma, it will kick in after a few minutes of continuous exercise especially if in cold, dry or stuffy air. Proper treatment will help you increase your tolerance hence improving how much exertion your body can take before the asthmatic attack kicks in.
Strong emotions or feelings
Any strong emotions or feelings, be it happiness or anger related could affect your breathing and sometimes trigger an asthmatic attack. People who already suffer from another form of asthma attack will be more susceptible to this. Sometimes, people who do not have asthma might experience symptoms like wheezing or difficult in breathing in such cases.
Since asthma leads to inflammation of the respiratory system, any illness that sets off such an inflammation could lead to one or more asthma reactions. The most popular infections in this range include:
- Sore throat
- Sinus infection
These conditions will make your asthma worse if you already have common allergens. They can also be perfect triggers to people without any asthma histories especially if they are children.
Asthma risk factors
Apart from these direct asthma causes, you increase the chances of recurrent infections if you fit any of these conditions
- If you are overweight
- You are a smoker
- Living with or being near people who smoke
- Exposure to air pollutants like internal combustion engine fumes and smoke
- Exposure to occupational triggers like farming, manufacturing and hairdressing chemicals
- Hormonal changes like during the menstruation cycle
- Sulfites in food
- Sensitive to specific types of medication
Even though doctors cannot really tell why some people get asthmatic reactions to harmless substances and others do not, they have figured out different ways to alleviate attack symptoms and even make them less common. All medication seeks to reduce the inflammation and constriction that accompanies asthma bouts hence making breathing possible. In addition to this, a comprehensive asthma action plan that helps you avoid allergens and equip you or those around you with the knowledge and tools needed to combat asthmatic bouts will help you stay safer hence preventing any fatalities.