Sleep labs are becoming much more common as doctors and medical specialist strive to learn more about our sleeping habits and needs. These labs require a certain level of care and equipment to function. There are two types of medical equipment that will be required, therapeutic and diagnostic. Therapeutic equipment includes sleep inductions and relaxation items. What is more important are the following diagnostic tools.
The heart and its activity level have a lot to do with how restful our sleep is, and how quickly we fall asleep. Monitoring heart rate and how hard it is pumping is important to monitoring a person’s sleep habits. A lab may also use this a basis for recommendations of what to do before falling asleep.
This machine records most of the physiological changes in the body during sleep, including breath, blinking, and blood flow. It is important to measure these things, as they may be related to sleep, and when sleeping, these functions are changed dramatically. These are one of the more expensive pieces of machinery, but absolutely necessary to any sleep lab set up.
Multiple Sleep Latency Tests
These testing devices record the amount of time elapsed from the intent to go to sleep, to when a person actually falls asleep. It is important as some conditions may extend this time, leading to tossing, turning, and general lack of restful sleep. This is generally how sleep specialists diagnose an insomnia condition as a long period between laying down to sleep, and actual sleep can encourage action rather than continued rest.
Multiple Wakefulness Test
This test machine measures how wakeful a person is during sleep. Extremely deep sleep can lead to lucid dreaming and nightmares, while light sleep is easily interrupted. A sleep specialist uses this machine to find that happy medium for a restful night’s sleep.