Most of us have heard of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) before and know that it attacks the immune system, but maybe that’s the extent of our knowledge. If you’re curious to understand the basics of HIV and how HIV effects the body, we encourage you to read on.
The Basics about HIV
Many people are left in the dark that they even have HIV as it first comes off like flu-like symptoms. It typically takes 10 to 15 years to break down the immune system to a point where it is damaged beyond repair.
HIV then moves onto the final HIV-stage, which is AIDS, (acquired immune deficiency syndrome). HIV is found in a person’s blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and even in breast milk as it’s easy to be passed on; however, HIV can’t be caught through a person’s sweat or saliva.
How HIV Effects the Body
When HIV enters your system it immediately attacks your immune system weakening your natural defenses. Besides having a weakened immune system you will start to suffer from aches and pains, a constant cough, and other flu-like systems over time.
You can also develop inflammation that affects both your spinal cord and your brain. It can start affecting you to the point where you may develop anxiety and depression.
You will also face problems like that of the following:
- Mouth Ulcers
- Respiratory Infections
- Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
- Heart Problems
- Kidney Damage
- Balance Problems
- Neurological Problems such as Dementia
- Skin Issues such as Itchy Skin, Shingles, Bumps
Using condoms during sex is one of the best precaution to prevent HIV. Furthermore, if you happen to inject drugs of any kind always use a clean needle. If you’re pregnant with HIV, you have the chance to pass it onto your baby, or even can affect the baby through breastfeeding.
Being tested for HIV is quite easy and there is an effective antiretroviral treatment available to those with HIV to continue a healthy lifestyle.
Even if you’re pregnant with HIV by taking the HIV treatment will virtually eliminate the risk of passing on the HIV to your baby. You can find out more about this by visiting your local physician.
There are a variety of problems that come with having HIV. Most people are even unaware that they have HIV, however, it can have severe effects upon the body over time, which ultimately leads to AIDS.
If you have doubts if you might have HIV, its best to get yourself tested as there is an effective means of treatment so you can go on living your life.